A Vatican researcher has rekindled the age-old debate over the Shroud of Turin, not that it has ever been put to rest. Barbara Frale, a Vatican archivist, has released a new book in which she describes how she used computer enhanced images to decipher faint writing on the linen. The letters spell out Jesus Nazarene, and because no claims of divinity are made, she believes the writing proves it was the burial cloth of Jesus. Experts say the historian may be reading too much into the markings, and they stand by carbon-dating that points to the shroud being a medieval forgery. This is still a matter of dispute, however.
But Frale believes the text was written on a document by a clerk and glued to the shroud over the face so the body could be identified by relatives and buried properly. Metals in the ink used at the time may have allowed the writing to transfer to the linen.